从前有个很 “因吹死挺” 的域名,后来去做了新闻资讯 ~
当前位置:主页 > 科技资讯 > 正文

有头屑者可能拥有独特的真菌菌群

2020-11-10 177 时事新闻 本文有673个文字,大小约为2KB,预计阅读时间2分钟

This is Scientific American's 60-second Science, I'm Christopher Intagliata.There's a lot of advertising mythology about what causes dandruff. Like this:(CLIP: "Here's why clean scalp is important. Your hair roots must breathe—or there's trouble; deep trouble; dandruff.")"Dandruff itself is actually a very, very complicated condition."Microbiologist and molecular biologist Barry Murphy at Unilever in the U.K., says dandruff is a perfect storm of flakiness—involving your fungal microbiome, the health and oiliness of the skin on your scalp, even weather!His team investigate the microbial component. They sequenced DNA from the heads of people with healthy hair and from others with dry, dandruffy scalps—none of whom had used antidandruff shampoo within the last six months.As previous studies have found, they spotted 10 times as much of a type of fungus called Malassezia on dandruffy scalps versus the healthy cohort. But they also found that populations of a bacterium called Staphylococcus capitis spiked on flaky scalps.

有头屑者可能拥有独特的真菌菌群

"Really, really interestingly, we found there was approximately 100 times more of this bacteria on a dry or a dandruff scalp than there was on a healthy scalp."But it's still a mystery why it's there—or what it's doing. The results are in the journal PLOS ONE.Murphy's employer Unilever makes its own antidandruff products. So this could be useful information someday. But just zapping scalp fungi with antifungal compounds like most of today's antidandruff shampoos do, Murphy says the goal might be to make a more gentle product."It should be about trying to restore an equilibrium. It should be about microbiome balance. It should be about the very fact that we've lived these microbes for millions and millions of years.", it seems the old lore that a dandruffy scalp just needs a thorough "cleaning" might be a little flaky. (CLIP: "That's why there is no dandruff ever in this family.")Thanks for listening for Scientific American's 60-second Science. I'm Christopher Intagliata.